abide  遵循(…by);容忍  The one thing she cannot abide is lying.

abnormal  反常的  abnormal behavior

abolish  彻底废除(法律、制度、习俗等)abolish old custom

abrupt  突然的,意外的  an abrupt departure

absolute  纯粹的,完全的  have absolute trust in sb.

absorb  吸收,吸进  A sponge absorbs water.

abstract  抽象的  A flower is beautiful, but beauty itself is abstract.

absurd  荒谬的,荒唐的  The idea that number 14 brings bad luck is absurd.

abuse  滥用  abuse one's authority(office)  

aaccelerate  加速,增速  accelerate one’s steps

access  接近(或进入)的机会  have regular and immediate access to the President

accommodate  使适应,使符合一致  accommodate oneself to changed circumstances

accompany  陪伴,伴随  She was accompanied to a dinner by her friend.

accomplish  达到(目的),完成(任务),实现(计划,诺言等)  accomplish one's purpose

accord  使符合,相一致(with)  His violent action do not accord with his peaceful words.

account   记述,叙述  give a brief account of what has happened

accumulate  积累,积攒,积聚  accumulate wisdom

accurate  准确的,精确的  an accurate estimate

accuse  指控,指责  They accused her publicly of stealing their books.

accustom  使习惯于  accustom oneself to rising (to rise) early

acquaint  使认识,使了解

activate  使活动起来,使开始起作用,启动  They have planted secret agents in many countries who could be activated whenever needed.

acute  尖锐的,敏锐的  an acute thinker  

adapt  (使)适应  adapt oneself to new conditions

address  演说  a television address  

adhere  黏附,附着  Paste is used to make one surface adhere to another.

adjacent  临近的,毗邻的(to)  a city and its adjacent suburbs

adjoin  贴近,与...毗邻  His house adjoins the lake.

administrate  掌管,料理...的事务  In many Japanese homes, the funds are administrated by the wife.

adolescent  (尤指16岁以下的)青少年  a film aimed at adolescents

advance  使向前移动  advance a chessman

advantage  有利条件,优点  Sitting Presidents hold built-in advantages when seeking another term.

adverse  不友好的,敌对的  She felt adverse to her husband's friends.

advocate  拥护,提倡,主张  advocate self-defence

aesthetic  美学的,艺术的,审美  an aesthetic theory

affliliate  使隶属(或附属)于,使成为会员  a government affiliated company

affirm  断言,申明  affirm the truth of a statement

aggravate  加重,加剧,恶化  aggravate the declining economy

aggressive  侵犯的,侵略的  an aggressive weapon

agitate  搅动(液体等)  The machine agitated the mixture.

alarm  惊恐,忧虑  The bandits scattered in alarm.

alert  警惕的,留神的  In our reading we should always be alert for new usages.

alien  外国的  adjust to an alien culture

allege  断言,宣称  The newspaper alleges the mayor's guilt.

allocate  分配,分派,把...拨给  allocate funds for new projects

allied  结盟的,有关联的  allied nations

allow  允给,准许,允许  He missed her more than he would allow himself to admit.

allowance  津贴,补贴,零用钱  a housing allowance

alter  改变,更改  alter an attitude  

alternate  交替,轮流  Night and day alternate.

amateur  (艺术,科学等的)业余爱好者  an amateur golfer

amaze  使惊愕,使惊异  I am amazed that he should get the post.

ambiguous  含糊不清的,模棱两可的  an ambiguous answer

ambition  (对名利等的)强烈欲望,野心  His political ambitions still burn.

amend  修改,修订  amend the spelling in sb.'s paper

amuse  逗乐,逗笑,给...提供娱乐(或消遣)  The clown at the circus amused the children.

anchor  锚  The anchor catches (drags).

announce  宣布,声称  It is officially announced that he will not run for reelection.

annoy  使恼怒,使生气  She was annoyed at (with) his lightheard attitude.

annual  每年的,年度的  the annual output of steel

anonymous  匿名的,无名的  an anonymous letter (phone call)

answer  回答,响应  Henry took ages to answer the door.

anticipate  预期,预料  The directors anticipated a fall in demand (that demand would fall).

anxious  焦虑的,发愁的(about, at)  They become anxious at her delay.

apart  成零碎  Such cheap clothes come apart after a few washings.

apparent  显然的,明明白白的  It was apparent that they all understood.

appeal  呼吁,恳求  I appealed to the children to make less noise.

applaud  鼓掌,喝彩,叫好  The audience applauds the performers for three minutes.

apply  涂,敷  He applied two coats of paint to the table.

appoint  任命,委派  They appointed his father (to be 或as) postmaster.

appraise  估量,估计  appraise the infant's weight

appreciate  感激  I appreciated your help much.

apprehend  对...担心  Do you apprehend that there will be any difficulty?

approach  靠近,接近  John is approaching manhood.

appropriate  恰当的,相称的  Plain, simple clothes are appropriate for school wear.

approve  赞成,同意  I couldn't approve his conduct.

approximate  大概的,大约的,近似的  The approximate time is 10 o'clock.

apt  (习性)易于......的,有......倾向的  A careless person is apt to make mistakes.

arbitrary  随心所欲的,个人武断的,任意的  an arbitrary choice

arise  起立,起身  arise from one's seat

arouse  使......奋发  A man like Tom will be aroused.  Don’t worry.

array  排列,队形  The troops were formed in battle array.

articulate  发音清晰的,善于表达的  He is articulate about everything in the field of economics.

artificial  人工的,人造的,人为的  artificial price controls

ascend  登高,(渐渐)上升,升高  The airplane ascended into the cloud.

ascertain 查明,弄清,确定  I ascertained that he was dead.

ashamed  惭愧的,羞耻的  I am ashamed for being so stupid.

ashore  向岸,向陆地  He swam ashore.

aside  在旁边  We stood aside to let her pass.

assault  攻击,袭击  We made an assault on the enemy fort.

assemble  集合,召集  assemble the members of Parliament for a special meeting.

assert  肯定地说(出),坚定地断言  He asserted his innocence.

assess  估价,评价,评论  assess the present state of the economy

assign  分配,布置(作业)  The teacher assigned (us) a new lesson.

assimilate  吸收,消化  He is quick to assimilate new ideas.

associate  (使)联系,(使)结合  We naturally associated the name of Darwin with the doctrine of evolution.

assume  假定,假设  Farmers will have a bumper harvest, assuming (that) the weather si favarable.

assure 深信不疑地对......说,向......保证

assurance  保证,把握,信心  He gave me his assurance that he would help.

astonish  使惊讶  I was astonished at his sudden appearance.

attach  系,贴,连接  attach a label to a suitcase

attain  达到,获得  attain one’s goal

attend  出席,参加(会议等)  attend a wedding

attendance  出席,参加,出席人数,出席率 Our class has perfect attendance today.

attentive  注意的,专心的  an attentive audience

attribute  把归因于,把......(过错的责任等)归于(to)  He attributed his success to hard work.

auxiliary  辅助的  an auxiliary rocket

avail  有利于,有助于  Will force alone avail us?

average  平均数,平均  The paper receives an average of nearly 100 articles a day.

avert  挡开,防止,避免  Many traffic accidents can be averted by courtesy.

awake  醒,觉醒  awake from sleep

award  授予(奖品等)  The university awarded him an honorary degree.


ban  (以官方明令)禁止,取缔  He was banned from entering the city.

bang  (突发的)  sudden loud bang

bar  条,块,杆,棒  a bar of gold

bare  赤裸的,光秃的,空无内容的  walk in bare feet

beforehand  预先,事先  If you wanted soup for lunch you should have told me beforehand.

behave  举止端正,听话 Do behave.

bewilder  使迷惑,使糊涂  I’m bewildered as to which one to buy.

bias  偏见,偏心  have a bias against sb.(或sth.)

blame  责备,责怪  Public opinion blames Mrs Smith for leading the girl astray.

blast  一阵(风),一股(气流)  a blast of wind

blaze  火焰  The fire sprang into a blaze.

blunt  钝的  The sun was blazing down and the heat was oppressive.

blush  (因害羞、激动、窘困)脸红  blush with(或for) joy

boast   自吹自擂,自夸的话  He is full of boasts.

bolt  螺栓,(门,窗的)插销  a small bag of nuts and bolts

boom  低沉有回响的声音  The great bell tolled with a deep boom.

border  边界,边境,边沿  a district on the Kampuchean side of the border with Thailand

bore  钻孔,挖(通道)  bore through a wall

bounce  弹起,反弹  The ball doesn’t bounce well.

bound  跳跃,弹回  She bounded to her feet and waved her right hand triumphantly.

boycott  (联合起来)抑制,拒绝参加  boycott uncooperative manufactures

brace  托架,支架  He braced his muscles and lifted the weight.

breed  (使)繁殖  Rabbits breed families rapidly.

bribe  贿赂  accept(或take)a bribe from sb.

brief  短暂的,简短的,简洁的  a brief holiday

brisk  轻快的,生气勃勃的  a brisk pace

brittle  易碎的,一碰就破的  brittle glass

brush  刷子,毛刷  a laundry brush

bump  碰,撞(against, into)  The truck bumped against the wall in the dark.

burst  爆炸,爆裂  The boiler burst.


calculate  计算,推算  calculate the distance between New York and Chicago

call  喊,叫  Please call the names of all the people who are present.

cancel  取消,废除,删去  cancel a trip

capture  俘虏,捕获  capture butterflies

case  事例,事实,事情  This is a case of poor judgment.

cast  投,扔,抛,撒,掷  cast doubt(s) on the feasibility of a scheme

casual  偶然的,无计划的,随便的,非正式的  a casual meeting

cease  停止,终止,结束  The music ceased suddenly.

certify  证明,证实  The accounts were certified (as) correct.

challenge  向...挑战  Our school challenged the local champion team to a football match.

character  (事物的)性质,特质  The furniture in Tom’s apartment was pretentious and without character.

charge  要(价),收(费)  The airlines charge half price for students.

charm  魅力,魔力  This thriving resort town has retained its village charm.

chase  追逐,追求  The police chased the escaping thief and caught him at last.

check  使突然停止,制止  check one’s steps

cherish  珍爱,珍视  cherish one’s native land

chew  嚼,咀嚼  He chewed a mouthful of meat.

choke  窒息,噎住  be choked by smoke

chorus  合唱队

chronic  (疾病)慢性的,(人)久病的  chronic indigestion

clarity  澄清,阐明  clarify an issue

cling  粘着  The frightened child clung to her mother.

clumsy  笨拙的  a clumsy boy

cluster  (果实,花等的)串,束,簇; (人或物)的群,组  a cluster of tourists

clutch  紧抓,紧握  clutch at an opportunity

coherent  一致的,协调的  lack coherent political goals

coin  硬币,钱币,金属货币  a silver coin

coincide  相符,相一致  100 Centigrade coincides with 212 Fahrenheit.

collaborate  (尤指在文艺、科学等方面)合作,协作  He and I collaborated in writing plays.

collapse  倒坍,崩溃,瓦解  The roof collapsed under the weight of the snow.

collide  碰撞,互撞  The car collided with the truck.

come  来,来到  Will you come to the dance tonight?

commemorate  纪念,庆祝  commemorate a holiday

commend  表扬,称赞  commend a soldier for bravery

compact  紧密的,坚实的  a compact piece of luggage

compare  比较,对照(with, to)   compare the body to a finely tuned machine

compatible  能和睦相处的,合的来的  You should choose a roommate more compatible to your tastes.

compile  汇编,编制  compile an anthology of poems

comply  遵从,顺从,服从  comply with rules(safety regulations)

compose  组成,构成  England, Scotland, and Wales compose the island of Great Britain.

compress  压缩  He compresses a lifetime as a soldier into a few sentences

comprise  包含,包括  The shipyard comprises three docks.

compromise  妥协,折衷  compromise over the hard-fought next.

compulsory  必须做的,义务的  a compulsory subject

conceal  隐藏,隐瞒,隐蔽  He concealed his disappointment from his friends.

conceive  构想出,设想  conceive an idea

concentrate  集中,专心  concentrate one’s attention

condemn  谴责  We all condemn cruelty to children.

condense  (使)压缩,(使)凝结,使简洁  condense a speech to half

confer  商谈,商议  confer with sb. Over (on, about, concerning) sth.

confess  坦白,供认,承认,忏悔  confess one’s crime

confidence  信任  break sb.’s confidence

confine  限制,使局限  They succeeded in confining the fire to a small area.

confirm  证实,肯定  confirm a rumour

conflict  (尤指长期的)战争,战斗  The conflict between Greece and Troy lasted ten years.

conform  遵照,适应  confirm to(或with) the rules(the law)

confront  (使)面临,(使)遭遇  The war confronted him with hardships.

confuse  使混乱,混淆  He confused the arrangements by arriving late.

connect  连接,连接  The bridge connects the island with(或to) the mainland.

conscious  意识到的,自觉地  They were conscious that he disapproved.

consent  同意,赞同,准许  The people will never consent to another war.

conserve  保护,保藏,保存  conserve natural resources

consider  考虑,细想  Consider carefully before doing anything.

consist  组成,构成(of)  The house consists of six rooms.

consolidate  巩固,加强  consolidate one’s position

conspicuous  显眼的,明显的,引人瞩目的  He felt as conspicuous as if he had stood on a stage.

constant  经常的,不断的  a constant noise

constitute  组成,构成  constitute a threat to sb.

consult  请教,与......商量  consult a doctor about one’s illness

consume 消费,花费: consume much of one’s time in reading

contact  接触,联系,交往: be in contact with sb

contain 包括,容纳, a list containing twelve items

contaminate弄脏,污染,玷污,毒害: Fumes contaminate the air

contempt轻视,轻蔑:show a contempt for sb

contest竞赛,比赛,竞争:the contest between the two powers for the control of the region

contract合同,契约:enter into(make)a contact with

contradict反驳,同….相矛盾,同….相抵触:The facts contradict his theory

contrary相反的,对抗的:take the contrary view

contrast对照,对比,(对比之下显出的)差异:the contrast between the two forms of government

contribute捐(款等),捐献:He contributed 5dollars to the charity every payday

contrive设计,想出:contrive a new method

controversy(尤之以文字形式进行的争论),辨证:a point of controversy

convention(正式)会议,(定期)大会:draft a new constitution at a convention

convert转变,转化:convert coal to (into) pipeline gas

convey运送,输送,传送:a wire conveys an electric current

convict(经审讯)证明…有罪,宣判…有罪:He was convicted of smuggling

coordinate调节,协调:coordinate the functions of government agencies

cordial热情友好的,热诚的,真心的:a cordial hello(smile, invitation)

correspond相符合相称(to,with):Fulfillment seldom corresponds to anticipation

correspondent通信者,通讯员,记者:a good(bad)correspondent

corresponding符合的,一致的:corresponding fingerprints

corrode(渐渐)损害,(一点一点地)损伤:Bribery corrodes the confidence that must exist between buyer and seller

corrupt堕落的,腐败的,贪赃舞弊的:lead a corrupt life

count数,计算: count the money

course课程,科目:an English course

courtesy 谦恭有礼。有礼的举止(或)言辞:come in without courtesy

credit信任,可信性:I have full credit in your ability to do the job。

crucial 决定性的,关键性的:a crucial decision

cue 提示,暗号,信号:throw cues to sb

cultivate耕作,栽培,养殖:cultivate vegetables

cure 治愈,医治:this medicine cured him of his pains。

cut 切,割,剪,砍,削; The Mayor cut the ribbon to open a trade exhibition.


dawn 黎明,拂晓 work from dawn to dark

dazzle (强光等)使目眩,耀眼:He was dazzled by his sudden success.

deceive 欺骗,蒙蔽:deceive oneself

decent 体面的,像样的:She didn’t have a decent dress for the ball.

decline 拒绝,谢绝:We sent him an invitation but he declined.

decompose 分解,腐烂,腐败:decompose a compound into its elements.

dedicate 奉献,把。。。用在(to): The doctor dedicated himself to finding a cure.

deduce 演绎,推论:From her conversation, I deduced that she had a large family.

define 解释,给。。。下定义: People define him as a genius.

deform(使)变形:Heat deforms plastic.

defy 公然违抗,反抗:He was going ahead defying all difficulties.

degenerate 衰退,堕落,变坏(into): Her eyesight degenerated with the years.

deliberate 慎重的,深思熟虑的:The government is taking deliberate action to lower prices.

delight 高兴,快乐:To the teacher’s great delight , all his students passed the examination.

deliver 投递,传送,运输:deliver the mail

demonstrate 论证,证明 :demonstrate a philosophical principle

denote 表示,是。。。的标志,意思是:A frown often denotes displeasure.

dense 稠密的,密集的:a dense forest

deposit 存放: She deposited her bag in the cloakroom.

depress 使沮丧,使消沉:That movie depressed me.

deprive  剥夺,使丧失:deprive sb. of his property

derive 取得,得到:He derived his enthusiasm for literature from his father.

descend 下来,下降:Darkness descended too soon.

deserve 应得,值得:The question deserves consideration.

designate 指明,表明:designate boundaries

desolate 荒芜的,不毛的:desolate land

despise 蔑视,鄙视:He despises flattery.

detach 拆卸:They detached their trailer and set up camp.

detain 留住,担搁:be detained by business.

detect (当场)发现(某人在干坏事):detect a student cheating

deteriorate (使)恶化,(使)变坏,(使)退化: Relations between the two countries began to deteriorate.

deviate 背离,偏离:deviate from the rule

devote 将...献给(to):Mary devoted her life to caring for the sick.

diagnose 诊断,判断:The doctor diagnosed the illness as influenza.

dictate 口授,使听写:dictate a letter to a secretary

differentiate 使不同,使有差别,区分,区别:differentiate varieties of plants

diffuse 扩散(气体,液体等):The colors of the sunset were diffused across the sky.

diminish 减少,降低:His illness diminished his strength.

diplomat 外交家,外交官,圆滑的人:a career diplomat

discard 丢弃,抛弃:discard an old pair of shoes

discern 看出,觉察出:We could discern from his appearance that he was upset.

disclose 揭露,透露,使公开:disclose information to sb.

discharge 释放:The judge found him not guilty and discharged him.

discount 把(价格,费用等)打折扣,削价出售:The store discounts 3 per cent on all bills paid when due.

discriminate 区别,辨别:It’s difficult to discriminate between the twin brothers.

disgrace 丢脸,耻辱:bring disgrace on oneself

disgust 厌恶,恶心:feel disgust for bad odors

disperse 分散,驱散,散去:Police dispersed the rioters with tear gas

displace 移动。。。的位置:Many of the inhabitants were displaced by the rising floodwaters

dispose 布置,整理:The stores disposed the jewellery in an attractive display

disregard 不理会,不顾:Disregard the noise and keep working

distinct 有区别的,不同的:Three distinct types of people

distort 扭歪,扭曲:a face distorted by (或with)pain

distract 使转向:be distracted from one’s original purpose

distribute 分配,分发:distribute the prizes among the winners

divorce 离婚,分离,脱离:sue for a divorce

dominate 分配,统治:a white dominated society

donate 捐赠,赠送:They donate to the Red Cross every year.

doom 命运,厄运,劫数:His doom was to be poverty.

doze 打瞌睡,打盹儿:The old lady dozed in her armchair.

drain 慢慢排去:drain water from a pool

dread 怕,畏惧:I dread to think of what may happen.

drift 漂流,漂泊:The sounds of music drifted up to us.

dubious 引起怀疑的,不确定的:a dubious reply

due 欠款的,应支付的:A great deal of money is due to you.

dump 倾倒,倾卸:He opened his bag and dumped its contents on the desk.

duplicate 完全一样的,复制的:a duplicate key

durable 耐用的:a durable fabric

dwell (dwelt 或 dwelled )(尤指作为常住居民)居住: dwell on an island