abide 遵循（…by）；容忍 The one thing she cannot abide is lying.
abnormal 反常的 abnormal behavior
abolish 彻底废除（法律、制度、习俗等）abolish old custom
abrupt 突然的，意外的 an abrupt departure
absolute 纯粹的，完全的 have absolute trust in sb.
absorb 吸收，吸进 A sponge absorbs water.
abstract 抽象的 A flower is beautiful, but beauty itself is abstract.
absurd 荒谬的，荒唐的 The idea that number 14 brings bad luck is absurd.
abuse 滥用 abuse one's authority(office)
aaccelerate 加速，增速 accelerate one’s steps
access 接近（或进入）的机会 have regular and immediate access to the President
accommodate 使适应，使符合一致 accommodate oneself to changed circumstances
accompany 陪伴，伴随 She was accompanied to a dinner by her friend.
accomplish 达到（目的），完成（任务），实现（计划，诺言等） accomplish one's purpose
accord 使符合，相一致(with) His violent action do not accord with his peaceful words.
account 记述，叙述 give a brief account of what has happened
accumulate 积累，积攒，积聚 accumulate wisdom
accurate 准确的，精确的 an accurate estimate
accuse 指控，指责 They accused her publicly of stealing their books.
accustom 使习惯于 accustom oneself to rising (to rise) early
activate 使活动起来，使开始起作用，启动 They have planted secret agents in many countries who could be activated whenever needed.
acute 尖锐的，敏锐的 an acute thinker
adapt （使）适应 adapt oneself to new conditions
address 演说 a television address
adhere 黏附，附着 Paste is used to make one surface adhere to another.
adjacent 临近的，毗邻的(to) a city and its adjacent suburbs
adjoin 贴近，与...毗邻 His house adjoins the lake.
administrate 掌管，料理...的事务 In many Japanese homes, the funds are administrated by the wife.
adolescent （尤指16岁以下的）青少年 a film aimed at adolescents
advance 使向前移动 advance a chessman
advantage 有利条件，优点 Sitting Presidents hold built-in advantages when seeking another term.
adverse 不友好的，敌对的 She felt adverse to her husband's friends.
advocate 拥护，提倡，主张 advocate self-defence
aesthetic 美学的，艺术的，审美 an aesthetic theory
affliliate 使隶属（或附属）于，使成为会员 a government affiliated company
affirm 断言，申明 affirm the truth of a statement
aggravate 加重，加剧，恶化 aggravate the declining economy
aggressive 侵犯的，侵略的 an aggressive weapon
agitate 搅动（液体等） The machine agitated the mixture.
alarm 惊恐，忧虑 The bandits scattered in alarm.
alert 警惕的，留神的 In our reading we should always be alert for new usages.
alien 外国的 adjust to an alien culture
allege 断言，宣称 The newspaper alleges the mayor's guilt.
allocate 分配，分派，把...拨给 allocate funds for new projects
allied 结盟的，有关联的 allied nations
allow 允给，准许，允许 He missed her more than he would allow himself to admit.
allowance 津贴，补贴，零用钱 a housing allowance
alter 改变，更改 alter an attitude
alternate 交替，轮流 Night and day alternate.
amateur （艺术，科学等的）业余爱好者 an amateur golfer
amaze 使惊愕，使惊异 I am amazed that he should get the post.
ambiguous 含糊不清的，模棱两可的 an ambiguous answer
ambition （对名利等的）强烈欲望，野心 His political ambitions still burn.
amend 修改，修订 amend the spelling in sb.'s paper
amuse 逗乐，逗笑，给...提供娱乐（或消遣） The clown at the circus amused the children.
anchor 锚 The anchor catches (drags).
announce 宣布，声称 It is officially announced that he will not run for reelection.
annoy 使恼怒，使生气 She was annoyed at (with) his lightheard attitude.
annual 每年的，年度的 the annual output of steel
anonymous 匿名的，无名的 an anonymous letter (phone call)
answer 回答，响应 Henry took ages to answer the door.
anticipate 预期，预料 The directors anticipated a fall in demand (that demand would fall).
anxious 焦虑的，发愁的(about, at) They become anxious at her delay.
apart 成零碎 Such cheap clothes come apart after a few washings.
apparent 显然的，明明白白的 It was apparent that they all understood.
appeal 呼吁，恳求 I appealed to the children to make less noise.
applaud 鼓掌，喝彩，叫好 The audience applauds the performers for three minutes.
apply 涂，敷 He applied two coats of paint to the table.
appoint 任命，委派 They appointed his father (to be 或as) postmaster.
appraise 估量，估计 appraise the infant's weight
appreciate 感激 I appreciated your help much.
apprehend 对...担心 Do you apprehend that there will be any difficulty?
approach 靠近，接近 John is approaching manhood.
appropriate 恰当的，相称的 Plain, simple clothes are appropriate for school wear.
approve 赞成，同意 I couldn't approve his conduct.
approximate 大概的，大约的，近似的 The approximate time is 10 o'clock.
apt （习性）易于......的，有......倾向的 A careless person is apt to make mistakes.
arbitrary 随心所欲的，个人武断的，任意的 an arbitrary choice
arise 起立，起身 arise from one's seat
arouse 使......奋发 A man like Tom will be aroused. Don’t worry.
array 排列，队形 The troops were formed in battle array.
articulate 发音清晰的，善于表达的 He is articulate about everything in the field of economics.
artificial 人工的，人造的，人为的 artificial price controls
ascend 登高，（渐渐）上升，升高 The airplane ascended into the cloud.
ascertain 查明，弄清，确定 I ascertained that he was dead.
ashamed 惭愧的，羞耻的 I am ashamed for being so stupid.
ashore 向岸，向陆地 He swam ashore.
aside 在旁边 We stood aside to let her pass.
assault 攻击，袭击 We made an assault on the enemy fort.
assemble 集合，召集 assemble the members of Parliament for a special meeting.
assert 肯定地说（出），坚定地断言 He asserted his innocence.
assess 估价，评价，评论 assess the present state of the economy
assign 分配，布置（作业） The teacher assigned (us) a new lesson.
assimilate 吸收，消化 He is quick to assimilate new ideas.
associate （使）联系，（使）结合 We naturally associated the name of Darwin with the doctrine of evolution.
assume 假定，假设 Farmers will have a bumper harvest, assuming (that) the weather si favarable.
assurance 保证，把握，信心 He gave me his assurance that he would help.
astonish 使惊讶 I was astonished at his sudden appearance.
attach 系，贴，连接 attach a label to a suitcase
attain 达到，获得 attain one’s goal
attend 出席，参加（会议等） attend a wedding
attendance 出席，参加，出席人数，出席率 Our class has perfect attendance today.
attentive 注意的，专心的 an attentive audience
attribute 把归因于，把......（过错的责任等）归于(to) He attributed his success to hard work.
auxiliary 辅助的 an auxiliary rocket
avail 有利于，有助于 Will force alone avail us?
average 平均数，平均 The paper receives an average of nearly 100 articles a day.
avert 挡开，防止，避免 Many traffic accidents can be averted by courtesy.
awake 醒，觉醒 awake from sleep
award 授予（奖品等） The university awarded him an honorary degree.
ban （以官方明令）禁止，取缔 He was banned from entering the city.
bang （突发的） sudden loud bang
bar 条，块，杆，棒 a bar of gold
bare 赤裸的，光秃的，空无内容的 walk in bare feet
beforehand 预先，事先 If you wanted soup for lunch you should have told me beforehand.
behave 举止端正，听话 Do behave.
bewilder 使迷惑，使糊涂 I’m bewildered as to which one to buy.
bias 偏见，偏心 have a bias against sb.(或sth.)
blame 责备，责怪 Public opinion blames Mrs Smith for leading the girl astray.
blast 一阵（风），一股（气流） a blast of wind
blaze 火焰 The fire sprang into a blaze.
blunt 钝的 The sun was blazing down and the heat was oppressive.
blush （因害羞、激动、窘困）脸红 blush with(或for) joy
boast 自吹自擂，自夸的话 He is full of boasts.
bolt 螺栓，（门，窗的）插销 a small bag of nuts and bolts
boom 低沉有回响的声音 The great bell tolled with a deep boom.
border 边界，边境，边沿 a district on the Kampuchean side of the border with Thailand
bore 钻孔，挖（通道） bore through a wall
bounce 弹起，反弹 The ball doesn’t bounce well.
bound 跳跃，弹回 She bounded to her feet and waved her right hand triumphantly.
boycott （联合起来）抑制，拒绝参加 boycott uncooperative manufactures
brace 托架，支架 He braced his muscles and lifted the weight.
breed （使）繁殖 Rabbits breed families rapidly.
bribe 贿赂 accept(或take)a bribe from sb.
brief 短暂的，简短的，简洁的 a brief holiday
brisk 轻快的，生气勃勃的 a brisk pace
brittle 易碎的，一碰就破的 brittle glass
brush 刷子，毛刷 a laundry brush
bump 碰，撞(against, into) The truck bumped against the wall in the dark.
burst 爆炸，爆裂 The boiler burst.
calculate 计算，推算 calculate the distance between New York and Chicago
call 喊，叫 Please call the names of all the people who are present.
cancel 取消，废除，删去 cancel a trip
capture 俘虏，捕获 capture butterflies
case 事例，事实，事情 This is a case of poor judgment.
cast 投，扔，抛，撒，掷 cast doubt(s) on the feasibility of a scheme
casual 偶然的，无计划的，随便的，非正式的 a casual meeting
cease 停止，终止，结束 The music ceased suddenly.
certify 证明，证实 The accounts were certified (as) correct.
challenge 向...挑战 Our school challenged the local champion team to a football match.
character （事物的）性质，特质 The furniture in Tom’s apartment was pretentious and without character.
charge 要（价），收（费） The airlines charge half price for students.
charm 魅力，魔力 This thriving resort town has retained its village charm.
chase 追逐，追求 The police chased the escaping thief and caught him at last.
check 使突然停止，制止 check one’s steps
cherish 珍爱，珍视 cherish one’s native land
chew 嚼，咀嚼 He chewed a mouthful of meat.
choke 窒息，噎住 be choked by smoke
chronic （疾病）慢性的，（人）久病的 chronic indigestion
clarity 澄清，阐明 clarify an issue
cling 粘着 The frightened child clung to her mother.
clumsy 笨拙的 a clumsy boy
cluster （果实，花等的）串，束，簇; (人或物)的群，组 a cluster of tourists
clutch 紧抓，紧握 clutch at an opportunity
coherent 一致的，协调的 lack coherent political goals
coin 硬币，钱币，金属货币 a silver coin
coincide 相符，相一致 100 Centigrade coincides with 212 Fahrenheit.
collaborate （尤指在文艺、科学等方面）合作，协作 He and I collaborated in writing plays.
collapse 倒坍，崩溃，瓦解 The roof collapsed under the weight of the snow.
collide 碰撞，互撞 The car collided with the truck.
come 来，来到 Will you come to the dance tonight?
commemorate 纪念，庆祝 commemorate a holiday
commend 表扬，称赞 commend a soldier for bravery
compact 紧密的，坚实的 a compact piece of luggage
compare 比较，对照(with, to) compare the body to a finely tuned machine
compatible 能和睦相处的，合的来的 You should choose a roommate more compatible to your tastes.
compile 汇编，编制 compile an anthology of poems
comply 遵从，顺从，服从 comply with rules(safety regulations)
compose 组成，构成 England, Scotland, and Wales compose the island of Great Britain.
compress 压缩 He compresses a lifetime as a soldier into a few sentences
comprise 包含，包括 The shipyard comprises three docks.
compromise 妥协，折衷 compromise over the hard-fought next.
compulsory 必须做的，义务的 a compulsory subject
conceal 隐藏，隐瞒，隐蔽 He concealed his disappointment from his friends.
conceive 构想出，设想 conceive an idea
concentrate 集中，专心 concentrate one’s attention
condemn 谴责 We all condemn cruelty to children.
condense （使）压缩，（使）凝结，使简洁 condense a speech to half
confer 商谈，商议 confer with sb. Over (on, about, concerning) sth.
confess 坦白，供认，承认，忏悔 confess one’s crime
confidence 信任 break sb.’s confidence
confine 限制，使局限 They succeeded in confining the fire to a small area.
confirm 证实，肯定 confirm a rumour
conflict （尤指长期的）战争，战斗 The conflict between Greece and Troy lasted ten years.
conform 遵照，适应 confirm to(或with) the rules(the law)
confront （使）面临，（使）遭遇 The war confronted him with hardships.
confuse 使混乱，混淆 He confused the arrangements by arriving late.
connect 连接，连接 The bridge connects the island with(或to) the mainland.
conscious 意识到的，自觉地 They were conscious that he disapproved.
consent 同意，赞同，准许 The people will never consent to another war.
conserve 保护，保藏，保存 conserve natural resources
consider 考虑，细想 Consider carefully before doing anything.
consist 组成，构成(of) The house consists of six rooms.
consolidate 巩固，加强 consolidate one’s position
conspicuous 显眼的，明显的，引人瞩目的 He felt as conspicuous as if he had stood on a stage.
constant 经常的，不断的 a constant noise
constitute 组成，构成 constitute a threat to sb.
consult 请教，与......商量 consult a doctor about one’s illness
consume 消费,花费: consume much of one’s time in reading
contact 接触,联系,交往: be in contact with sb
contain 包括,容纳, a list containing twelve items
contaminate弄脏,污染,玷污,毒害: Fumes contaminate the air
contempt轻视,轻蔑:show a contempt for sb
contest竞赛,比赛,竞争:the contest between the two powers for the control of the region
contract合同,契约:enter into(make)a contact with
contradict反驳,同….相矛盾,同….相抵触:The facts contradict his theory
contrary相反的,对抗的:take the contrary view
contrast对照,对比,(对比之下显出的)差异:the contrast between the two forms of government
contribute捐(款等),捐献:He contributed 5dollars to the charity every payday
contrive设计,想出:contrive a new method
controversy(尤之以文字形式进行的争论),辨证:a point of controversy
convention(正式)会议,(定期)大会:draft a new constitution at a convention
convert转变,转化:convert coal to (into) pipeline gas
convey运送,输送,传送:a wire conveys an electric current
convict(经审讯)证明…有罪,宣判…有罪:He was convicted of smuggling
coordinate调节,协调:coordinate the functions of government agencies
cordial热情友好的,热诚的,真心的:a cordial hello(smile, invitation)
correspond相符合相称(to,with):Fulfillment seldom corresponds to anticipation
corrode(渐渐)损害,(一点一点地)损伤:Bribery corrodes the confidence that must exist between buyer and seller
corrupt堕落的,腐败的,贪赃舞弊的:lead a corrupt life
count数,计算: count the money
course课程,科目:an English course
courtesy 谦恭有礼。有礼的举止（或）言辞：come in without courtesy
credit信任，可信性：I have full credit in your ability to do the job。
crucial 决定性的，关键性的：a crucial decision
cue 提示，暗号，信号：throw cues to sb
cure 治愈，医治：this medicine cured him of his pains。
cut 切，割，剪，砍，削; The Mayor cut the ribbon to open a trade exhibition.
dawn 黎明，拂晓 work from dawn to dark
dazzle （强光等）使目眩，耀眼：He was dazzled by his sudden success.
deceive 欺骗，蒙蔽：deceive oneself
decent 体面的，像样的:She didn’t have a decent dress for the ball.
decline 拒绝，谢绝：We sent him an invitation but he declined.
decompose 分解，腐烂，腐败：decompose a compound into its elements.
dedicate 奉献，把。。。用在（to）: The doctor dedicated himself to finding a cure.
deduce 演绎，推论：From her conversation, I deduced that she had a large family.
define 解释，给。。。下定义: People define him as a genius.
deform(使)变形：Heat deforms plastic.
defy 公然违抗，反抗：He was going ahead defying all difficulties.
degenerate 衰退，堕落，变坏（into）: Her eyesight degenerated with the years.
deliberate 慎重的，深思熟虑的：The government is taking deliberate action to lower prices.
delight 高兴，快乐：To the teacher’s great delight , all his students passed the examination.
deliver 投递，传送，运输：deliver the mail
demonstrate 论证，证明 ：demonstrate a philosophical principle
denote 表示，是。。。的标志，意思是：A frown often denotes displeasure.
dense 稠密的，密集的:a dense forest
deposit 存放： She deposited her bag in the cloakroom.
depress 使沮丧，使消沉：That movie depressed me.
deprive 剥夺，使丧失：deprive sb. of his property
derive 取得，得到：He derived his enthusiasm for literature from his father.
descend 下来，下降：Darkness descended too soon.
deserve 应得，值得：The question deserves consideration.
designate 指明，表明：designate boundaries
desolate 荒芜的，不毛的：desolate land
despise 蔑视，鄙视：He despises flattery.
detach 拆卸：They detached their trailer and set up camp.
detain 留住，担搁：be detained by business.
detect （当场）发现（某人在干坏事）:detect a student cheating
deteriorate （使）恶化,(使)变坏,(使)退化: Relations between the two countries began to deteriorate.
deviate 背离，偏离：deviate from the rule
devote 将...献给（to）:Mary devoted her life to caring for the sick.
diagnose 诊断，判断：The doctor diagnosed the illness as influenza.
dictate 口授，使听写：dictate a letter to a secretary
differentiate 使不同，使有差别，区分，区别：differentiate varieties of plants
diffuse 扩散（气体，液体等）：The colors of the sunset were diffused across the sky.
diminish 减少，降低：His illness diminished his strength.
diplomat 外交家，外交官，圆滑的人：a career diplomat
discard 丢弃，抛弃：discard an old pair of shoes
discern 看出，觉察出：We could discern from his appearance that he was upset.
disclose 揭露，透露，使公开：disclose information to sb.
discharge 释放：The judge found him not guilty and discharged him.
discount 把（价格，费用等）打折扣，削价出售：The store discounts 3 per cent on all bills paid when due.
discriminate 区别，辨别：It’s difficult to discriminate between the twin brothers.
disgrace 丢脸，耻辱：bring disgrace on oneself
disgust 厌恶，恶心：feel disgust for bad odors
disperse 分散，驱散，散去：Police dispersed the rioters with tear gas
displace 移动。。。的位置：Many of the inhabitants were displaced by the rising floodwaters
dispose 布置，整理:The stores disposed the jewellery in an attractive display
disregard 不理会，不顾：Disregard the noise and keep working
distinct 有区别的，不同的：Three distinct types of people
distort 扭歪，扭曲：a face distorted by (或with)pain
distract 使转向：be distracted from one’s original purpose
distribute 分配，分发：distribute the prizes among the winners
divorce 离婚，分离，脱离：sue for a divorce
dominate 分配，统治：a white dominated society
donate 捐赠，赠送：They donate to the Red Cross every year.
doom 命运，厄运，劫数：His doom was to be poverty.
doze 打瞌睡，打盹儿：The old lady dozed in her armchair.
drain 慢慢排去：drain water from a pool
dread 怕，畏惧:I dread to think of what may happen.
drift 漂流，漂泊：The sounds of music drifted up to us.
dubious 引起怀疑的，不确定的：a dubious reply
due 欠款的，应支付的：A great deal of money is due to you.
dump 倾倒，倾卸：He opened his bag and dumped its contents on the desk.
duplicate 完全一样的，复制的：a duplicate key
durable 耐用的：a durable fabric
dwell （dwelt 或 dwelled ）（尤指作为常住居民）居住: dwell on an island